Socialist party wins absolute majority in Portuguese elections

Arnaud Jeagers | Unsplash

The socialists (PS) reinforced their power in the Portuguese elections, being able to govern alone in the four upcoming years. This is the third election where the Portuguese elections result in an absolute majority. 

The early legislative elections were held due to the rejection of the Portuguese annual budget for 2022 by the communists (PCP), the Greens (os Verdes), and the left bloc (BE), that were previously in a coalition with the socialist party, creating a political crisis two years before the end of the term.

The electoral system enabled PS to elect 117 deputies out of 230 in a single chamber parliament with 41% of the votes. 

During the campaign, nobody was predicting the absolute majority of the Socialists and the Social Democrat party (PSD); the largest opposition that had chances to win the elections, was close to PS in the polls. Despite that, in the end, PSD only got 27% of the votes. Since the beginning of the republic in 1974, only these two parties were able to win the Portuguese elections. 

The other victory of the night was achieved by Chega (CH), the populist right wing party, that rose from 1 to 12 deputies, becoming the third biggest party in the parliament. There was also an increase of IL, the Liberals, going from 1 to 8 deputies.

On the other hand, the Christian Democrat party (CDS/PP) with historical representation in the parliament since 1974 lost all their seats. The Greens also lost their representation while Livre, the ecological left party and PAN, the party for People, Animals and Nature only got one deputy for each of them.

BE and PCP, that were part of the previous coalition with the socialist government and the third and fourth parties in the previous configuration of the parliament, also lost seats, going from 19 to 5 and 12 to 6 deputies, respectively.

Although the votes of Portuguese citizens living outside the country are still coming in, it’s likely that the last four seats will go to PS and PSD.

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